In the 16th Century Italian potter masters started the making of glazed earthenware Majolica northwards to central Europe where became known as a faience. Several of them escaped from Italia because of religious persecution and choose to join the non conformist religious sect known as the Anabaptists. The Anabaptists' pottery is usually known as Haban faience. Their early artwork beginning in about 1590 was quite different to that produced in Italia.
They earned the authority of Pope and they practiced adult baptism, were persistently non violent and believed in the concept of the community of God where there was no individual ownership. Anabaptist lived and worked in communes, separate from the local people, they lived by their own translation of the Bible. At that time this was censured by the Church. These didnt close off they sold their works to outside people, communes and mostly to lords. The incomings from sales always returned to the commune.
The early Anabaptist potters in Moravia worked with local materials, sush as clays, lead, pigments, water and started crafting fine tin-glazed earthenware faience by about 1590. Anabaptist crafters of 16th Century, keep their own secret of making famous tin-glazed earthenware faience. Their secret was that both liquids and dry foods could keep in their crafts. The Anabaptist crafters name usually are unknown. But several times and biggest potters scratched thier name nad sometimes dates at the bottom of the products. These name and date signitures method was speciality of the Anabaptists.
Their religion and fate affected the form and design of their pottery. Vessels were decorated with own heraldic designs or wide range of floral motives. But at the end of 17th Century when their communes started to break apart, because the pressure of Catholic. Many of the potters came over to Catholicism and no more continueing the old habits. After all other motives started appear in the crafts - deers, lions, horses, people, birds and religious symbols started to appear in their designs like churches. The Catholicism were granted several of privileges and some of the most outstanding craftsmen were find the favour with Church. Large numbers of them migrated away from pursuits, mostly moved to United States and to Canada. There they were know as Hutterites.
About the 1700 the Anabaptist began to blend with the local Slovakian people and their habits, traditions and methods were quickly fall to the ground. This merge effected the Habans into wrond way. The old motives were forget and everyday scenes started appear. Some new symbols, trademarks, beasts and birds.
At start of the 18th Century few manufacture were established in central Europe. They started produced the famous tin-glazed earthenware faience again. The Holitsch factory was founded in Hungary by Francis of Lorain in 1743, he was consort of Empress Maria Teresia. The factory focused on the production of richly adorned sets. These wares were used by the aristocracy in the western European centers. The factory produced many exclusive wares and started serveing the new extended claims. After the foudation of Strasbourg factory,the Holitsch factory produced exceptionally pieces with fruits and vegetables motives. The present-day wares gain their decorations from these fine peaces incliding the brightness of the colors and their own decorations.
Habán Kerámia - Hungarian Tradition Pottery Manufacture